Dr. Krishna Kumar
Mishra Mental health may be a major challenge of the current time. that’s why, on Oct ten once a year, World mental state Day is widely known with the aim of accelerating awareness concerning mental state. Life within the 21st century has become a part-race. particularly in cities, it’s turning into troublesome to combine steps with life’s constraints. the case is tougher in metros. thanks to relief, marketism and consumerist culture, human life is underneath plenty of pressure. thanks to materialistic outlook, the cecity of authority over resources has place man underneath mental stress. Simplicity, simplicity and identification with nature in life are getting less. thanks to nerve-wracking mode most of the people are getting victims of mental diseases. Depression is outstanding during this. an individual’s performance isn’t suffering from mental state. Around three hundred million individuals within the world ar depressed. Their variety in Asian country is around fifty million. Depression is taken into account a significant reason behind suicide. each forty seconds an individual commits suicide within the world. within the event of tension and depression, the person becomes a victim of negativity. as a result of this, he takes a pusillanimous step like suicide.
Psychiatry is present
Psychiatry will happen to anyone. there’s no common or special in it. The unwellness of depression is found in each section of the society. Vincent van Gou, the best present Dutch painter of the globe of the nineteenth century, is claimed to possess suffered from severe mental illness. thanks to this unwellness, he once bring to a halt his ear himself. At the age of simply thirty seven, he committed suicide by shooting himself. His paintings, ‘Sunflowers’ and ‘Whitfield with Crows’, ar thought of to be the most effective creations within the world. By learning the angular inclination of the comb lines in his paintings, psychologists have terminated that he was probably full of emotional disorder. it’s believed that terribly inventive and inventive individuals ar a lot of seemingly to be psychopathologic than others. A recent example of psychopathy is Madhya Pradesh non secular guru Bhagyuji Maharaj and Himanshu Roy, a lawman called the ‘Super Cop’ of the geographic region Police, United Nations agency shot himself for suicide thanks to mental stress arising thanks to completely different reasons. Depression affects all ages and each community. whether or not a farmer or a manual laborer, educated or illiterate. everyone could have stress and depression, whether or not they ar businessmen or pink-slipped, utilized or any student. it’s to be unbroken in mind that stress doesn’t solve any downside. However, it’s undoubtedly the mastermind of the many issues. Stress will cause headaches, high blood pressure, migraines and heart issues. The World mental state Association was established in 1948. The aim of this establishment is to market mental state at the international level. World mental state Day was initial determined on ten Oct 1992. it absolutely was initiated by Richard Hunter, deputy executive of the globe mental state Association. the govt of Asian country has conjointly started the National mental state Program since 1982 to make sure convenience of mental state care and facilities. Mental unwellness Diseases related to an individual’s brain ar known as mental diseases or mental disorders. in step with the report of the globe Health Organization, one in each four individuals within the world suffers from disorder at it slow throughout their life. concerning six-seven p.c of India’s current population suffers from mental sicknesses. There is several reasons for psychopathy in a person, such as-
Genetic or noninheritable
Changes in brain-related hormones with age
Brain harm thanks to accident
Many chemicals have an effect on our mental state. they’re known as neurotransmitters. the foremost outstanding among them is cirrotonin. it’s known as the neurochemical of excellent mood. Their smart secretion within the body keeps North American country happy. In chemistry, it’s known as 5-hydroxy tryptamine. it’s synthesized from amino acids known as tryptophen. 5-hydroxytryptamine regulates chemicals, appetite, sleep, learning tendency and memory functions. Foods that contain the organic compound tryptophen increase the amount of 5-hydroxytryptamine within the brain. to extend 5-hydroxytryptamine, it’s suggested to eat kiwi, bananas, mangoes, seasonal fruits and pineapples. Sitting within the sun for a minute a day conjointly keeps the amount of 5-hydroxytryptamine fine and our mood is nice.
Depression is a mental state whose symptoms include sadness, lack of interest, lack of pleasure in daily activities, restless sleep, less hunger or more hunger, weight loss or weight gain, laziness, feeling guilty, inefficiency, helplessness, Disappointment, trouble establishing concentration and negative thoughts towards oneself and others. If this kind of emotion inside a person persists for two weeks, then it can be called depressive. In such a situation, it is necessary to provide the patient with early clinical treatment for his treatment. Symptoms of depression- Depression is a mental illness that can cause many. It never happens for any one reason, but consists of many reasons, such as mental, physical and chemical (hormonal). But it is very dangerous. Some of its major features are as follows –
- Always feeling tired
- Decreased enthusiasm
- Not being able to decide on any work
- Do not mind in any work
- · Having a complicated vision for life
- Weight gain or loss without reason
- Changes in food habits
- Suicidal thoughts
- Unable to concentrate
- Be irritable by nature
- Always have negative thoughts.
Schizophrenia is a mental disease. According to a report by the World Health Organization, this type of mental disease is found in about one percent people worldwide. As far as India is concerned, the symptoms of this disease are seen in about three people out of every thousand. This number is definitely less according to statistics but in reality it is a fast growing mental disease. A person suffering from this mental disease separates himself from society and family and prefers to spend his time alone. Because of this, this disorder starts to become more fatal. A person with schizophrenia exhibits auditory hallucinations, falsity and disorganized and unnatural thinking. Schizophrenia is one of those mental disorders that are possible to treat, but be aware of it in time. This disease is often seen in old age people.
The mood of a person suffering from bipolar disorder changes frequently. Whenever he feels absolutely happy, he suddenly reaches into a state of depression too. Both states of happiness and sorrow are not normal. This state of happiness is called ‘manic’. Bipolar disorder affects both men and women. Since it affects the functioning of the brain, its effect is seen in the way people think, behave and feel. This makes it difficult for other people to understand the mood of the patient suffering from this disease. This condition usually lasts from a week to a month in adults. Although it may be less than this. The condition of manic and depression is irregular and the pattern is not the same. Its symptoms are not always the same. These appear differently according to each person’s personality. Dietary disorders (bricking disorder) When a person starts taking food in very high or very small quantity, it is called eating disorder. Eating disorder is also a type of mental disease about which it is very important for everyone to know. People affected by this tend to think a lot about their weight and physical structure. They suffer from depression and do not like to eat in the presence of others. This type of disease is most commonly seen in women and youth. These problems are mainly of two types – Anorexia nervosa – Individuals with this disease impose severe restriction on their food. They do this to look slim and fit. By taking proper diet, they become extremely lean. Such changes occur in their nervous system that their hunger dies. Later they cannot eat food even if they want to. The patient reaches such a position that it has come from a famine-stricken area. Bulimia Nervosa- A person suffering from such disorder tends to use food as a way of dealing with stress, anxiety, or other emotional issues, ie eating more food than necessary. This makes the body of the patient very fat or fat. Both conditions arise from hormonal disturbances in the body. Long-term treatment is needed to get rid of such disorders.
Obsessive compulsive disorder (obsessive-compulsive disorder)
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a type of anxiety disorder. A person suffering from this disorder checks the same thing again and again. Performs certain special tasks repeatedly such as washing hands repeatedly, counting things repeatedly, going back and again to see if the door is closed. He performs these activities so often that his daily life begins to be affected. Often, he spends a lot of time in these works throughout the day. Some intrusive thoughts come to his mind again and again due to which restlessness, fear, and anxiety arise. Symptoms of compulsions are found in that person. The main reason for this is disturbances in the level of certain types of chemicals in the brain, such as cirrotonin. This disturbance may be due to genetic, psychological and social reasons, or may be due to their mixed effects.
Dementia is a serious disease affecting the human brain. It is mainly of two types: Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia. The cells of the brain are called ‘neurons’ that operate the brain. Protein accumulation occurs in the brains of people with dementia. It spreads to the recollection area of the brain, causing neuron parts of the brain to die. This reduces the level of acetylcholine, an important neurotransmitter required for memory. Due to this disease, the memory and thinking power of the patient gradually decreases. It also makes the daily activities of a person difficult. Dementia patients gradually become completely dependent on others.
Ways to avoid mental illness
Today the pressure on the mind and mind is increasing due to the lifestyle of running. For this reason, stress and mental illness are becoming an integral part of every person’s life. Whether children or elderly, mental illness does not leave anyone. While children keep worrying about their exams and future every time, elders have many such goals in front of them which they work day and night to fulfill. It has a very bad effect on the brain. It reduces memory power and leads a person to depression and gradually reduces confidence while reducing confidence. These diseases can be avoided with a little awareness and vigilance in the current lifestyle. Some of the main ways to avoid them are as follows-
- If you feel more stressed about something, then you should share it with your friend or your parents. This will reduce your stress and help in solving the problem.
- If your head ever gets hurt, get it treated by a doctor and do not be negligent in it, because it can cause you mental weakness which leads to mental illness.
- If you have a bad addiction to alcohol or any other drug then try to quit it as soon as possible.
- Do not compare yourself to anyone else. Every person has different abilities.
- Do yoga and pranayama regularly. They are very helpful in prevention of mental diseases.
- Eat a balanced diet.
- Do not take any medicine about mental problem without medical consultation.
Some misconceptions related to mental diseases
It has often been seen that people make false assumptions about a person suffering from mental illness. If someone says that the ghost is possessed, then someone tells about the wrath of the Goddess. Such superstitions should be avoided and the person suffering from mental illness should be treated by a good psychiatrist. Some misconceptions related to mental diseases are as follows:
- Mental disorders are not diseases, but are caused by demons.
- Medications are harmful in psychiatry.
- You have got this disease due to your weakness.
- Most mental diseases are incurable.
- Children should not be given medicines.
- Sleep pills should be given for treatment.
- Depression resolves on its own.
Avoidance of mental diseases is a major challenge in today’s society. They are related to the health of society and the nation as a whole. The easiest way to avoid them is to have the right information about these diseases. When mental problems arise, we should not get caught in superstition. Proper advice should be taken from a good doctor. It is true that stress helps us to cope with situations. He prepares us physically and mentally for challenges. Therefore, it is probably not right to always consider mental stress harmful. There is an old saying that “a healthy mind lives in a healthy body”. Therefore, we should pay special attention to our physical health as well. Our catering should be balanced. We should do regular exercise. Yoga and Pranayama are also very useful to reduce stress. They also make a lot of difference. If you have a healthy mind, it will be easier to have a healthy body. Health of body and mind will make the society healthy and our nation will also be healthy.